"Shoulder surgery" is a broad term that encompasses various surgical procedures aimed at addressing issues or injuries affecting the shoulder joint. The shoulder is a complex joint with a wide range of motion, and surgery may be recommended for different reasons. Here are some common types of shoulder surgeries:
- Rotator Cuff Repair: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Tears or injuries to the rotator cuff may require surgical repair, either through open surgery or arthroscopic techniques.
- Shoulder Arthroscopy: This minimally invasive procedure involves the use of a small camera (arthroscope) and specialized instruments to diagnose and treat various shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears, labral tears, and inflammation.
- Labral Repair: The labrum is a cartilage ring that surrounds the shoulder socket. Tears or damage to the labrum may necessitate surgical repair, often done arthroscopically.
- Shoulder Replacement (Arthroplasty): In cases of severe arthritis or joint damage, shoulder replacement surgery may be considered. This involves replacing the damaged parts of the shoulder joint with artificial components.
- Shoulder Stabilization: Individuals with recurrent shoulder dislocations may undergo surgery to stabilize the shoulder joint, often through procedures like Bankart repair or Latarjet procedure.
- AC Joint Reconstruction: The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is where the collarbone meets the shoulder blade. Injuries or arthritis affecting this joint may require surgical reconstruction.
- Frozen Shoulder Release (Manipulation Under Anesthesia): For individuals with adhesive capsulitis or a frozen shoulder, a procedure called manipulation under anesthesia may be performed to break up adhesions and improve range of motion.
- Fracture Repair: Surgery may be necessary to repair fractures or breaks in the bones of the shoulder, such as the humerus or collarbone.
Recovery from shoulder surgery varies depending on the type and complexity of the procedure. Physical therapy is often a crucial part of the rehabilitation process to regain strength, mobility, and function in the shoulder.
Before undergoing any shoulder surgery, individuals should consult with an orthopedic surgeon who can assess the specific condition, discuss treatment options, and provide information about the risks and benefits associated with the chosen surgical approach.